PyMdown Extensions

PyMdown Extensions is a collection of Markdown extensions that add some great features to the standard Markdown library. For this reason, the installation of this package is highly recommended as it's well-integrated with the Material theme.

Installation

The PyMdown Extensions package can be installed with the following command:

pip install pymdown-extensions

The following list of extensions that are part of the PyMdown Extensions package are recommended to be used together with the Material theme:

markdown_extensions:
  - pymdownx.arithmatex
  - pymdownx.betterem(smart_enable=all)
  - pymdownx.caret
  - pymdownx.critic
  - pymdownx.emoji:
      emoji_generator: !!python/name:pymdownx.emoji.to_svg
  - pymdownx.inlinehilite
  - pymdownx.magiclink
  - pymdownx.mark
  - pymdownx.smartsymbols
  - pymdownx.superfences
  - pymdownx.tasklist(custom_checkbox=true)
  - pymdownx.tilde

Usage

GitHub Flavored Markdown

Most of the extensions included in the PyMdown Extensions package try to bring the Markdown experience closer to GitHub Flavored Markdown (GFM).

The PyMdown Extensions package adds a shorthand to enable all of the included extensions that provide the GFM experience. However, usage of the shorthand is discouraged, because some extensions are not supported, as the Material theme uses some incompatible extensions included in the standard Markdown library.

BetterEm

BetterEm improves the handling of emphasis markup (bold and italic) within Markdown by providing a more sophisticated parser for better detecting start and end tokens. Read the documentation for usage notes.

Emoji

Emoji adds the ability to insert a 💩-load of emojis that we use in our daily lives. See the EmojiOne demo for a list of all available emojis. Happy scrolling 🎉

Legal disclaimer

Material has no affiliation with EmojiOne which is released under CC BY 4.0. When including EmojiOne images or CSS, please read the EmojiOne license to ensure proper usage and attribution.

MagicLink detects links in Markdown and auto-generates the necessary markup, so no special syntax is required. It auto-links http[s]:// and ftp:// links, as well as references to email addresses:

SuperFences

SuperFences provides the ability to nest code blocks under blockquotes, lists and other block elements, which the Fenced Code Blocks extension from the standard Markdown library doesn't parse correctly.

Tasklist

Tasklist adds support for styled checkbox lists. This is useful for keeping track of tasks and showing what has been done and has yet to be done. Checkbox lists are like regular lists, but prefixed with [ ] for empty or [x] for filled checkboxes.

Example:

* [x] Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit
* [x] Nulla lobortis egestas semper
* [x] Curabitur elit nibh, euismod et ullamcorper at, iaculis feugiat est
* [ ] Vestibulum convallis sit amet nisi a tincidunt
    * [x] In hac habitasse platea dictumst
    * [x] In scelerisque nibh non dolor mollis congue sed et metus
    * [x] Sed egestas felis quis elit dapibus, ac aliquet turpis mattis
    * [ ] Praesent sed risus massa
* [ ] Aenean pretium efficitur erat, donec pharetra, ligula non scelerisque
* [ ] Nulla vel eros venenatis, imperdiet enim id, faucibus nisi

Result:

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit
  • Nulla lobortis egestas semper
  • Curabitur elit nibh, euismod et ullamcorper at, iaculis feugiat est
  • Vestibulum convallis sit amet nisi a tincidunt
    • In hac habitasse platea dictumst
    • In scelerisque nibh non dolor mollis congue sed et metus
    • Sed egestas felis quis elit dapibus, ac aliquet turpis mattis
    • Praesent sed risus massa
  • Aenean pretium efficitur erat, donec pharetra, ligula non scelerisque
  • Nulla vel eros venenatis, imperdiet enim id, faucibus nisi

Tilde

Tilde provides an easy way to strike through cross out text. The portion of text that should be erased must be enclosed in two tildes ~~...~~ and the extension will take care of the rest.

More syntactic sugar

Caret

Caret is the sister extension of Tilde and makes it possible to highlight inserted text. The portion of text that should be marked as added must be enclosed in two carets ^^...^^.

Mark

Mark adds the ability to highlight text like it was marked with a yellow text marker. The portion of text that should be highlighted must be enclosed in two equal signs ==...==.

SmartSymbols

SmartSymbols converts markup for special characters into their corresponding symbols, e.g. arrows (←, →, ↔), trademark and copyright symbols (©, ™, ®) and fractions (½, ¼, ...).

Critic

Critic implements Critic Markup, a Markdown extension that enables the tracking of changes (additions, deletions and comments) on documents. During compilation of the Markdown document, changes can be rendered (default), accepted or rejected.

Text can be deleted and replacement text added. This can also be combined into onea single operation. Highlighting is also possible and comments can be added inline.

Formatting can also be applied to blocks, by putting the opening and closing tags on separate lines and adding new lines between the tags and the content.

Arithmatex MathJax

Arithmatex integrates Material with MathJax which parses block-style and inline equations written in TeX markup and outputs them in mathematical notation. See this thread for a short introduction and quick reference on how to write equations in TeX syntax.

Besides activating the extension in the mkdocs.yml, the MathJax JavaScript runtime needs to be included. This must be done with additional JavaScript:

extra_javascript:
  - 'https://cdn.mathjax.org/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-MML-AM_CHTML'

If you want to override the default MathJax configuration, you can do this by adding another JavaScript file before the MathJax runtime in extra_javascript which contains your MathJax configuration, e.g.:

window.MathJax = {
  tex2jax: {
    inlineMath: [ ["\\(","\\)"] ],
    displayMath: [ ["\\[","\\]"] ]
  },
  TeX: {
    TagSide: "right",
    TagIndent: ".8em",
    MultLineWidth: "85%",
    equationNumbers: {
      autoNumber: "AMS",
    },
    unicode: {
      fonts: "STIXGeneral,'Arial Unicode MS'"
    }
  },
  displayAlign: "left",
  showProcessingMessages: false,
  messageStyle: "none"
};

In your mkdocs.yml, include it with:

extra_javascript:
  - 'javascripts/extra.js'
  - 'https://cdn.mathjax.org/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-MML-AM_CHTML'

Blocks

Blocks are enclosed in $$...$$ which are placed on separate lines.

Example:

$$
\frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!} = \binom{n}{k}
$$

Result:

\[ \frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!} = \binom{n}{k} \]

Inline

Inline equations need to be enclosed in $...$:

Example:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet: $p(x|y) = \frac{p(y|x)p(x)}{p(y)}$

Result:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet: \(p(x|y) = \frac{p(y|x)p(x)}{p(y)}\)

InlineHilite

InlineHilite adds support for inline code highlighting. It's useful for short snippets included within body copy, e.g. var test = 0; and can be achived by prefixing inline code with a shebang and language identifier, e.g. #!js.