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Customization

Project documentation is as diverse as the projects themselves and Material for MkDocs is a great starting point for making it look beautiful. However, as you write your documentation, you may reach a point where small adjustments are necessary to preserve your brand's style.

Adding assets

MkDocs provides several ways to customize a theme. In order to make a few small tweaks to Material for MkDocs, you can just CSS and JavaScript files to the docs directory.

Additional CSS

If you want to tweak some colors or change the spacing of certain elements, you can do this in a separate stylesheet. The easiest way is by creating a new stylesheet file in the docs directory:

.
├─ docs/
│  └─ stylesheets/
│     └─ extra.css
└─ mkdocs.yml

Then, add the following lines to mkdocs.yml:

extra_css:
  - stylesheets/extra.css

Additional JavaScript

If you want to integrate another syntax highlighter or add some custom logic to your theme, create a new JavaScript file in the docs directory:

.
├─ docs/
│  └─ javascripts/
│     └─ extra.js
└─ mkdocs.yml

Then, add the following lines to mkdocs.yml:

extra_javascript:
  - javascripts/extra.js

Extending the theme

If you want to alter the HTML source (e.g. add or remove some parts), you can extend the theme. MkDocs supports theme extension, an easy way to override parts of Material for MkDocs without forking from git. This ensures that you can update to the latest version more easily.

Setup and theme structure

Enable Material for MkDocs as usual in mkdocs.yml, and create a new folder for overrides which you then reference using the custom_dir setting:

theme:
  name: material
  custom_dir: overrides

Theme extension prerequisites

As the custom_dir setting is used for the theme extension process, Material for MkDocs needs to be installed via pip and referenced with the name setting in mkdocs.yml. It will not work when cloning from git.

The structure in the overrides directory must mirror the directory structure of the original theme, as any file in the overrides directory will replace the file with the same name which is part of the original theme. Besides, further assets may also be put in the overrides directory:

.
├─ .icons/                             # Bundled icon sets
├─ assets/
│  ├─ images/                          # Images and icons
│  ├─ javascripts/                     # JavaScript
│  └─ stylesheets/                     # Stylesheets
├─ partials/
│  ├─ integrations/                    # Third-party integrations
│  │  ├─ analytics.html                # - Google Analytics
│  │  └─ disqus.html                   # - Disqus
│  ├─ languages/                       # Localized languages
│  ├─ footer.html                      # Footer bar
│  ├─ header.html                      # Header bar
│  ├─ language.html                    # Localized labels
│  ├─ logo.html                        # Logo in header and sidebar
│  ├─ nav.html                         # Main navigation
│  ├─ nav-item.html                    # Main navigation item
│  ├─ palette.html                     # Color palette
│  ├─ search.html                      # Search box
│  ├─ social.html                      # Social links
│  ├─ source.html                      # Repository information
│  ├─ source-file.html                 # Source file information
│  ├─ tabs.html                        # Tabs navigation
│  ├─ tabs-item.html                   # Tabs navigation item
│  ├─ toc.html                         # Table of contents
│  └─ toc-item.html                    # Table of contents item
├─ 404.html                            # 404 error page
├─ base.html                           # Base template
└─ main.html                           # Default page

Overriding partials

In order to override a partial, we can replace it with a file of the same name and location in the overrides directory. For example, to replace the original footer.html partial, create a new footer.html partial in the overrides directory:

.
├─ overrides/
│  └─ partials/
│     └─ footer.html
└─ mkdocs.yml

MkDocs will now use the new partial when rendering the theme. This can be done with any file.

Overriding blocks recommended

Besides overriding partials, it's also possible to override (and extend) template blocks, which are defined inside the templates and wrap specific features. In order to set up block overrides, create a main.html file inside the overrides directory:

.
├─ overrides/
│  └─ main.html
└─ mkdocs.yml

Then, e.g. to override the site title, add the following lines to main.html:

{% extends "base.html" %}

{% block htmltitle %}
  <title>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet</title>
{% endblock %}

The following template blocks are provided by the theme:

Block name Purpose
analytics Wraps the Google Analytics integration
announce Wraps the announcement bar
config Wraps the JavaScript application config
content Wraps the main content
disqus Wraps the Disqus integration
extrahead Empty block to add custom meta tags
fonts Wraps the font definitions
footer Wraps the footer with navigation and copyright
header Wraps the fixed header bar
hero Wraps the hero teaser (if available)
htmltitle Wraps the <title> tag
libs Wraps the JavaScript libraries (header)
outdated Wraps the version warning
scripts Wraps the JavaScript application (footer)
site_meta Wraps the meta tags in the document head
site_nav Wraps the site navigation and table of contents
styles Wraps the style sheets (also extra sources)
tabs Wraps the tabs navigation (if available)

Additional variables

Besides template blocks, Material for MkDocs provides extra variables for parts that cannot be overridden with template blocks (due to technical limitations of the template engine). If you want to add further information after the Made with Material for MkDocs hint in the footer, add the following line to main.html:

{% extends "base.html" %}

{% set extracopyright %}
  <!-- Add additional copyright information here -->
{% endset %}

The following template variables are provided by the theme:

Block name Purpose
extracopyright Adds custom copyright information

Theme development

Material for MkDocs is built on top of TypeScript, RxJS and SASS, and uses a lean, custom build process to put everything together.1 If you want to make more fundamental changes, it may be necessary to make the adjustments directly in the source of the theme and recompile it.

Environment setup

In order to start development on Material for MkDocs, a Node.js version of at least 14 is required. First, clone the repository:

git clone https://github.com/squidfunk/mkdocs-material

Next, all dependencies need to be installed, which is done with:

cd mkdocs-material
pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install mkdocs-minify-plugin
pip install mkdocs-redirects
npm install

Development mode

Start the watcher with:

npm start

Then, in a second terminal window, start the MkDocs live preview server with:

mkdocs serve

Point your browser to localhost:8000 and you should see this very documentation in front of you.

Automatically generated files

Never make any changes in the material directory, as the contents of this directory are automatically generated from the src directory and will be overwritten when the theme is built.

Building the theme

When you're finished making your changes, you can build the theme by invoking:

npm run build

This triggers the production-level compilation and minification of all style sheets and JavaScript files. After the command exits, the compiled files are located in the material directory. When running mkdocs build, you should now see your changes to the original theme.


  1. Prior to 7.0.0 the build was based on Webpack, resulting in occasional broken builds due to incompatibilities with loaders and plugins. Therefore, we decided to swap Webpack for a leaner solution which is now based on RxJS as the application itself. This allowed for the pruning of more than 500 dependencies (~30% less). 

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