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Variables

Macros and variables are powerful tools to parametrize Markdown files, as they allow to perform Jinja templating directly from Markdown. This is especially useful to include technical data from other files and add central variables via mkdocs.yml.

Configuration

Macros

The macros plugin adds support to reference variables and call macros and supports Jinja templating directly from Markdown. It can be installed with pip:

pip install mkdocs-macros-plugin

Then, add the following to mkdocs.yml:

plugins:
  - macros

Usage

Using predefined variables

A set of predefined variables is enabled by default and can be used from Markdown, including data from mkdocs.yml. More specifically, predefined variables fall into the following categories:

  • config.*: configuration parameters from mkdocs.yml
  • page.*: metadata and content of current page
  • navigation.*: list of all pages and sections
  • environment.*: underlying operating system
  • git.*: git-related information, if available

Example:

Welcome to {{ config.site_name }}!

Result:

Welcome to Material for MkDocs!

A list of all predefined variables can be printed with:

{{ macros_info() }}

Using custom variables

All data defined under extra in mkdocs.yml is automatically exposed as a variable and can be used from the template. This enables centralized parameter storage and management.

Example:

The unit price is {{ unit.price }}
extra:
  unit:
    price: 12.50

Result:

The unit price is 12.50.

Customization

Custom macros

The macros plugin allows to define custom macros, which can then be used from Markdown files. See the official documentation for more information how to define custom macros.